No restrictions for people with HIV/AIDS for stays of up to 6 months.*
HIV test required for work and study visa applications of more than six months.
HIV-specific entry and residence regulations for China
* Update regulations
China no longer restricts tourists living with HIV from visiting the country, but will not issue them residence permits. Please verify the restrictions with the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China before you travel.
According to the website of the Chinese Embassy in Switzerland, an HIV test is required when applying for a work or study visa for more than 6 months. We are receiving reports from people being rejected work visa due to their HIV status.
The website of the Chinese Embassy in the United States still list HIV infection as a ground for non admission. This information is outdated.
We are receiving many inquiries from China visa applicants. In many cases, people seem to be confronted with outdated visa forms still asking for HIV status. If confronted with such a visa form, it is important that applicants do not admit their status.
April 28 2010, the Government of China has announced to lift the entry bar against people with HIV/AIDS with immediate effect. The entry ban against people with leprosy and with sexually transmitted diseases was also lifted.
As of this writing, we have not seen translations of the new entry and residency regulations nor the new visa application forms. It is therefore not clear how the new laws will be implemented in practice and how fast this is happening. It is unclear at this time if prospective visitors will be asked their HIV status on visa entry forms.
Until we can publish up to date information on China’s new policy, we recommend the following:
(Sources: 3, 4)
- If travelling to China on a tourist visa or short term business trip: do not declare your status on the visa application form. Historically, people declaring their status truthfully have been denied entry.
- Be careful with voluntary status declaration (refrain from wearing red ribbon stickers etc.).
- In case of a long term professional stay in China (longer than six months): Check the situation carefully. Until now, a negative HIV-status was mandatory for foreigners staying in China on long term permits. Tests have also been performed in China and without consent of those concerned. A positive test result led to immediate deportation, job loss and unemployment.
- Check this page for status updates.
- Hong Kong, Macao: Both cities have separate entry and visa regulations without restrictions for people with HIV/AIDS
Work permit applicants have to undergo HIV testing (diplomats excepted). The test has to be performed at designated clinics. The only place licensed to do so is in Beijing:
- Beijing International Travel Center
Phone: +86 10 586 48751
Facsimile: +86 10 586 48751
The charge is 700 Yuan (350 for students), and credit cards are not accepted. Tests performed abroad are accepted if:
- The examination has been performed according to specified norms.
- A current HIV and syphilis test result is provided.
- The form has been authenticated by the Chinese embassy or consulate
A work permit is not granted in the case of a positive test result.
Information from 2008:
An increasing number of people report being denied a tourist visa as a consequence of a declaring their HIV positive status on the visa application form. We have no information about changes in deportation practices.
HIV treatment information for China
HIV treatment facilities in China are not adequate(Source: 1
HIV information / HIV NGOs in China
Updated information is available through the aidsmap search engine at www.aidsmap.com/en/orgs/ux/default.asp
Global Criminalisation of HIV Transmission Scan
The Global Criminalisation Scan is an initiative of GNP+. It aims to collect and keep up to date information on national and state level laws criminalising the transmission of or exposure to HIV. It also aims to provide an easily accessible ‘clearing-house’ of resources, research, and initiatives on the subject and to provide a platform for advocacy initiatives.
Find out more about the scan and the criminalisation of HIV transmission legislation at http://criminalisation.gnpplus.net/
- Regional Physician at the Embassy of Germany, Beijing, March 5, 2008
- The authors; Visa Application Form for the People’s Republic of China, Embassy of the People's Republic of China in Switzerland consulted July 24, 2009
- Government of China web site, www.gov.cn/zwgk/2010-04/27/content_1593743.htm, http://english.gov.cn/2010-04/28/content_1594536.htm, accessed April 29, 2010
- The authors; : Visa Application Form for the People’s Republic of China, Embassy of the People's Republic of China in Switzerland, consulted April 7, 2012
- U.S. Department of State, http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1089.html
consulted April 7, 2012
Corrections and additions welcome. Please use the contact us form.