Travel tips

General information for HIV-positive travellers, tourists and PrEP users

The following are some tips to consider when travelling as a tourist or on a business trips with antiretroviral medication for treatment or prevention.

  • Always carry your medication in your hand luggage. Checked luggage might get lost or delayed.
  • Always take some days of extra medication with you. You might not return as planned, for unforeseeable reasons. It is cumbersome to run after expensive prescription medication in a different country, and you might not even receive the drugs you are taking if in need.
  • You may have to check specific customs regulation for importing your prescription medication. In almost all cases, importing medicines for personal use would not pose a problem. To be on the safe side, carry a doctor’s prescription in English with you. The prescription should make no mention of HIV. Note that these recommendations are not specific to antiretroviral drugs. The customs rules apply to all prescription medication. Some countries are very strict in enforcing customs rules for prescription medication, such as Chile and the U.S.A.
  • Carry your medication in original packaging, labelled with your name.
  • Do not disclose your HIV status unnecessarily. Not to other travellers, not to customs or immigration officials – it is not their business. Be aware that people with HIV are stigmatised in many countries.
  • If you stay in a country for a longer period, or if your health is frail, make sure you know where the next HIV clinic is, or get the address of a clinician specialised in HIV. It might be a good idea to get in touch with a local HIV organisation.
  • People taking substitution treatment: check about specific regulations in this respect before travelling. Some countries consider substitution treatment as illicit drug use.

Most important: be aware that perceptions around HIV infection change from country to country. If disclosure is safe in the country and community you normally live in, this might not be the case in the country you are visiting. 

Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Qatar

  • Transit passengers
    Airline passengers going through transit (i. e. changing planes) in these cities don't need to worry. Transit passengers don't go through immigration or customs. People staying overnight in a hotel should take precautions as listed below.

  • Business visitors and tourists
    Despite entry ban policies, short term visits are generally possible. Make sure you have a doctors’ prescription for your medication with you. Carry your medication in your hand luggage. Read the general information above.

Relocating for work, study or retirement – access to treatment and care

You got your visa, study, residence or work permit and now you wonder how you get access to the health system to ensure your medication and monitoring.

  1. Finalise your employment contract or your admission by your place of study.
  2. Contact an HIV NGO in the country, province or city where you are going to live.
    • Accessing the local health system is generally not a problem, but it can be tricky in practice. Local organisations are used to resolve this kind of problems.
    • Also check the country information here on this site. In some countries, we identified the organisations that could support people, or we even have collected the information about accessing the system. Note that this was not possible everywhere, as this is not the purpose of this site.

Important note

Apart from access to medicines, people with HIV also need access to monitoring, at least twice per year. Relying on supplies and monitoring from your home country is not a good idea in the long run. Since the Covid-19 pandemic, sudden lockdowns have exposed the fragility of such arrangements.

Importing your own medication

Depending on local customs regulations, only limited amounts of prescription drugs are allowed to be imported for personal use. General allowances usually cover the needs for short holidays or visa of up to 90 days. Larger quantities are problematic in most systems – there is however no general rule.
Relying on privately imported supplies is not recommended if you stay in a country for 6 months or longer.

In the case of a country with entry bar, can I legally enter if I have HIV?

The short answer is “no”. However, an entry bar is close to impossible to strictly enforce at any port of entry. 

What are people doing to enter such countries anyway?

As long a visitor has no visible symptoms of illness and/or no antiretrovirals to take, this is not very difficult.  For people on treatment however, the question may become tricky.

As we have seen in the case of the United States former entry restrictions, people on ARVs use certain ‘crafty’ strategies to circumvent entry bar regulations. We do not legally recommend any of those.

We try to describe a country’s policies and how they might apply in various circumstances, and then let the reader make their own decisions about what to do.

It might well be that some of the bypassing strategies below constitute a violation of applicable immigration laws or other local laws. We do not know what the consequences of such violations might be. It could be that they result in a permanent ban on entering the respective country. However, that might not make a significant difference to an HIV positive traveller, since once they are found out, they are found out and barred from re-entry anyway.

1. The safest strategy

  • Rebottle medications with non-prescription packaging
  • Carry a letter from a clinician

Rebottle the medication in neutral packaging and make sure it is properly labelled by your pharmacy (this means without mentioning the nature or brand name of the drugs). To comply with laws in many countries, you are recommended to carry a letter from a clinician which states that your drugs are prescribed for a personal medical condition. This letter should not mention HIV. Be ready to answer questions about why you need these drugs without hesitation (blood pressure, coronary problems, etc.).

Small, especially with today’s therapies (reduced number of pills). Plan well ahead to have everything ready.

You should carry the drugs in your hand luggage. Checked luggage is sometimes late or can get lost completely. However, be aware that the drugs can be detected more easily that way.

2. Carry your drugs on you, or in your luggage

  • This is what most people do.

There is a certain risk of being detected by immigration officials or by customs. If this happens, you may face deportation on the next available flight. As a consequence, there is likely no chance of being readmitted to enter the respective country at a later occasion.


  • HIV-positives are advised to take enough medication to cover delays.
  • To comply with the law in many countries, you need to carry a letter from a clinician which states that your drugs are prescribed for a personal medical condition. This letter should not mention HIV. Be ready to answer questions about why you need these meds without hesitation (blood pressure, coronary problems, etc.).
  • You should carry the drugs in your hand luggage. Checked luggage is sometimes late or can get lost completely. However, be aware that the drugs can be detected more easily that way.
  • Leaving a country with remaining ARVs in the hand luggage is also not free of risk.
  • Take a last dose to be safe during travel. Before checking in, eliminate remaining medication and ensure to have drugs available when needed after arrival. However, there is a small risk in case of delayed departure.

3. Buy your antiretroviral drugs locally

This looks simple, but also needs some planning.

  • Contact your health insurance to find out if drugs you purchase locally are reimbursed (medication, including antiretrovirals, can be more expensive locally than in your home country).
  • Check with local contacts if your regimen is available in the pharmacies of your destination country.
  • Get a prescription for the medication you are taking from your doctor.
  • Take a last dose of your meds before leaving the plane.
  • Get an appointment with an HIV specialist on arrival to get a prescription.
  • Buy your drugs through a local pharmacy.

4. Considerations before stopping medication

As the Brighton study[1] has demonstrated, some people decided to interrupt treatment before travelling to the US (note: this refers to the past, when the U.S. entry ban was still in place). THIS CAN BE VERY RISKY.

If you are thinking of stopping your medications when travelling to a country with an entry bar, it is imperative that you consult with either your HIV clinician or pharmacist well ahead before doing so, otherwise you run the risk of acquiring new or further resistance that could have significant future health risks. Remember also that if you do stop HAART that you may feel ill during your trip, and that you may also be more infectious.

IMPORTANT: Never discuss your HIV status with local officials!

The country that people with HIV had the most problems with in the past were the United States. However, we also had reports from people being sent back from China, another country that has recently changed its entry policies.

There are more things you can do in order to avoid running into problems.

  • Do not disclose your status to fellow passengers.
  • Be careful of outing yourself by wearing a red ribbon.
  • Avoid disclosing your status to customs or immigration officers. It is not their business.
  • If you are asked why you are carrying medications, have a good excuse ready.

Updated: June 18, 2021

[1] HIV-Infected Travellers to the USA,